image of Intel 670p M.2 SSD

Intel 670p

SSD Specification and Info

Intel 670p is an Entry-Level NVMe SSD produced and sold by Intel. The device comes with x4 PCIe 3.0/NVMe interface and M.2 form factor - a good fit for both desktop and laptop computers. This SSD has a maximum sequential read-write speed of up to 3500/2700 MB per second, making it ideal for gaming and workstation PCs.

Intel 670p is equiped with DRAM memory, and a QLC NAND flash memory with 144 cell layers.


Interfacex4 PCIe 3.0/NVMe
Form factorM.2
ControllerSMI SM2265
ConfigurationDual-core R5, 4-ch, 4-CE/ch
NAND brandIntel
R/W speed3500/2700 MB/s
TierEntry-Level NVMe
ManualIntel 670p

NAND type

Intel 670p is using a QLC (4 bits per cell) NAND manufacurted by Intel with 144 cell layers on top of each other.

QLC is slow and less durable compared to TLC and SLC. The TLC is the most common type of SSD NAND flash memory found on the market at the moment. It is faster, less durable, but still cheaper than the other, more expensive variants - SLC and MLC.

The Controller

Intel 670p is using SMI SM2265 SSD controller to connect the NAND memory to the x4 PCIe 3.0/NVMe interface. The controller has Dual-core R5, 4-ch, 4-CE/ch configuration.

Typically, SSD controllers are microprocessors. In this case we have Dual-core R5, 4-ch, 4-CE/ch processor responsible for controlling the SSD in such way, so that the data coming from the interface can be stored on to the NAND flash memory.

Some SSDs have simpler controllers with fewer communication channels and less cores.

Among other things, the controller also manages the SLC caching, optimizing the DRAM cache, encryption, LDPC, garbage collection, wear-leveling as well as TRIM

DRAM Cache

Intel 670p has a separate DRAM chip to store the SD mapping tables. DRAM cache speeds up the data access significantly compared to the DRAM-less models.

As soon as the OS requests some data from the SSD, the SSD needs to know exactly where it is on the drive. Because garbage collection moves the data constantly, the controller relies on the mapping tables to locate it.

These tables are stored in DRAM cache, where they are accessed much more quickly than in NAND flash.

Therefore, SSDs with DRAM-less architecture have more random write and read operations. This makes the device perform worse and last shorter if they are not HMB enabled.

HMB Support

There is no HMB architecture available on the Intel 670p to store the mapping tables. The device either doesn't support the architecture or uses DRAM cache.

The HBM is used to reduce the cost of production of NVMe SSDs with DRAM Cache, SSDs with this type of controllers can leverages the host system's DRAM instead of an onboard DRAM chip to host the FTL mapping table used by flash storage.