Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT
Specification and Upgrade Options
The Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is a pre-built business desktop computer first released in 2021. The motherboard is using the Q570 chipset and supports 11th gen Intel Core processor, and 128GB of DIMM DDR4-2666/2933/3200 memory.
Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is a Mini Tower form factor computer. The Mini Tower is the largest chassis in the business class desktops segment. If you are looking for a system with maximum upgradability, Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is a good option. Models in this category usually have 4x PCIe slots, several drive bays and better cooling.
Can you upgrade Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT to play games?
Yes, you can upgrade Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT for gaming with better processors, graphics card, memory, and storage devices. However, like many other business pre-built PCs, this model may have proprietary elements like the power supply, the chassis or the power connector, which can make it difficult for users to install aftermarket PSUs to support better GPUs. You can also find that there is space constrains inside the chassis, making it difficult to accommodete larger GPU to boost the gaming performance.
Please explore the sections bellow to find ideas and suggestions on how to upgrade Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT.
Windows 11 compatibility
Yes, Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is compatible with Windows 11. According to Windows 11 specification, all models that have Intel 8th Gen processors (or newer) with TPM 2.0 support and a UEFI BIOS with Secure boot, are eligible to upgrade form Windows 10 to Windows 11 through Windows Update.
You can upgrade Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT with a full size GPU. Models like NVIDIA GTX 1660 or GTX 1650 Super are good and safe upgrade option and will work with most Mini Tower form factor. However, keep in mind that the type of GPU you can install will depend on the available space in the chassis and the PSU power rating.
Before you begin shopping for a new GPU, it's important to consider the power supply unit (PSU) currently installed. This is because powerful GPUs require more power than the stock PSU can provide, which means that you may need to upgrade your PSU as well.
According to the manual, the maximum stock power supply available on Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is 360W. However, to be absolutely sure, check the stock power supply power rating and use one of the GPUs from the table.
GPU upgrade options for Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT with the stock 360W power supply:
|NVIDIA GTX 1660 Super||130 W||6 GB DDR6||*SATA to PCIe adapter|
|NVIDIA GTX 1660 Ti||125 W||6 GB DDR6||*SATA to PCIe adapter|
|NVIDIA GTX 1070||145 W||8 GB DDR5||*Dual SATA to PCIe adapter|
|NVIDIA RTX 3050||130 W||8 GB DDR6||*Dual SATA to PCIe adapter|
The Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT supports Gen11 Intel Core technology. The 11th generation of Intel Core processors were released in 2020. The main differences from the previous generations are the significant improvement in base and boost clock. A cool new feature is the presence of Thunderbolt 4 (which includes also USB4) and PCI Express 4.0 (not for Pentium and Celeron).
Best CPUs for Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT upgrade:
|Model||Cores (Threads)||Base frequency||Turbo|
|Core i5 11500||6(12)||2.7 GHz||4.6 GHz|
|Core i5 11600||6(12)||2.8 GHz||4.8 GHz|
|Core i7 11700||8(16)||2.5 GHz||4.9 GHz|
|Core i7 11700F||8(16)||2.5 GHz||4.9 GHz|
|Core i9 11900||8(16)||2.5 GHz||5.1 GHz|
|Core i9 11900F||8(16)||2.5 GHz||5.1 GHz|
Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT has four RAM slots and supports dual channel memory configuration. This is sufficient for almost any use case and especially in situations where the workload calls for more RAM.
To cover the needs of your OS, games, and apps, Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT supports up to 128 GB of DIMM DDR4-2666/2933/3200 RAM. For office work, home use, and light gaming we recommend 8GB of RAM. For everything else, use 16GB or more.
Faster RAM speeds permit your processor to access the data stored inside the memory faster. This is important for the overall speed of your system. The motherboard of the Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT supports RAM speeds of up to 3200 MT/s.
Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT supports Wi-Fi and Bluetooth combo card with the on-board M.2 2230 (Wi-Fi/BT) slot. The card contains a Wi-Fi module that supports various Wi-Fi standards, as well as a Bluetooth module. It is small circuit board that is designed to fit into a dedicated slot on the motherboard.
Keep in mind that the card is not always included and you have to install one yourself.
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth wireless adapter upgrades for Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT:
|WiFi 6E (Gig+) Kit||3000 Mbit/s||2.4GHz / 5GHz||NGFF M.2 A/E Key|
|Rekong AX210||3000 Mbit/s||2.4GHz / 5GHz||NGFF M.2 A/E Key|
|Gigabyte GC-Wbax200||2400 Mbit/s||2.4GHz / 5GHz||PCIe|
|TP-Link Archer TX50E||2400 Mbit/s||2.4GHz / 5GHz||PCIe|
|TP-Link Archer T9UH||1300 Mbit/s||2.4GHz / 5GHz||USB 3.0|
Ports are important and often people don't think about them when buying a PC. For example, if you don't have enough USB ports, using external devices becomes problematic. Before you buy any system, considering your use case, check the number of external devices you are going to use and plan the number of the extension ports accordingly.
The Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT comes with ten USB ports in total. Having more USB ports is always better, but also pay attention to the version of those USB ports. Higher version ports support faster transfer speeds. It is nice to see that the model has a USB 3.1 port. This interface is using 10Gb/s connection and it's very useful when you transfer big files to external drives.
The DisplayPort (DP) is the most widely used digital interface for transmitting digital video and audio between display devices and PCs. It is good to see that the Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT is featuring a DisplayPort 1.4. The post version is important if you target higher resolutions with high refresh rate. Although, ver. 1.2 is completely fine for most users, if possible, aim for the higher versions DisplayPort.
The HDMI port is another digital video port you can use to connect external display. It has very similar capabilities to the DisplayPort with few exceptions. Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT comes with two HDMI 2.0b port(s) on the motherboard. In case your monitor supports another interface, you can always use an adapter.
*Please keep in mind in order to use the video ports available through the motherboard, you need a CPU with integrated graphics card. If you have a dedicated GPU, use his ports instead.
SSD storage - M.2 sockets and SATA ports
The SATA port is one of the places where you can connect a stora gedevice. The Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT comes with four SATA port(s). Not enough SATA ports might limit your options for additional storage devices. Think about your use case and decide if the SATA ports provided by this model will be sufficient.
Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT has also one M.2 socket(s) that supports both PCIe NVMe (PCIe 3.0 x4) and SATA M.2 drives with speed of up to 4 GB/s. This configuration works very well for both gaming and work related tasks.
The M.2 PCIe SSD connector in combination with an NVMe drive allows for higher transfer rates, compared to the old SATA interface. In some situations, NVMe device connected to the M.2 PCIe socket can be more than 5 times faster.
Best PCIe NVMe drives for Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT storage upgrade:
|Model||Form factor / Interface||NAND type||DRAM|
|Samsung 980 PRO SSD||M.2/x4 PCIe 4.0/NVMe||TLC||Yes|
|CORSAIR MP600 PRO||M.2/x4 PCIe 4.0/NVMe||TLC||Yes|
|SAMSUNG 970 EVO Plus||M.2/x4 PCIe 3.0/NVMe||TLC||Yes|
|Western Digital Black SN770||M.2/x4 PCIe 4.0/NVMe||TLC||Yes|
|Kingston A2000||M.2/x4 PCIe 3.0/NVMe||TLC||Yes|
The Dell OptiPlex 5090 MT comes with a 360 Watt PSU. Having a power supply with high power rating is important, especially if you are doing upgrade with addtional components, like dedicated GPU and more HDDs. Will this 360 W be enough, it all depends on your specific use. Please keep in mind that some models might have more than one PSU option. Whenever possible get the most powerful one, as it might make future upgrades easier.