HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF vs. HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF
Comparison and Differences
Differences between HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF and HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF
Both models have the same form factor, meaning reoughtly they have the same phiysical size and form.
Usually the newer the generation of the CPU, the better the performance and efficiency is. If your budget allows it, you should go with the HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF as it is running a newer generation CPU. This is not to say that HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF is bad - it can still run some powerful CPUs, albeit being an older generation.
The HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF has 4 RAM slots while the HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF has only 2 slot(s). This is not something to worry about. Just make sure you take it into consideration when planning how much RAM you are going to use.
The HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF is using the faster 2133 MT/s RAM. The HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF is slower by supporting RAM speeds of up to 1600 MT/s. Additionally, if you will be needing a lot of RAM, better go for the HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF as it has the ability to run 64 GB of RAM. The HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF can do a bit less at max 16 GB. Most of the times, this should be sufficient for the majority of users.
In total the HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF has 10 USB ports. The HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF is inferior in this regard and packs 8 USB ports. In any case, if you miss USB ports, you can always purchase a USB hub. None of the desktop models has a USB 3.1 port (10Gb/s), so if you need a fast connection to your peripherals, like external Solid State Drive, you will need to look elsewhere.
Unfortunately, only the HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF has a DisplayPort. The HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF does not have one? Don't worry though, nowadays video adapters are cheap and you can get almost any combination of conversion types.
None of the models has an HDMI port. If your monitor supports only the HDMI interface, you will need to buy an adapter. Such adapters are cheap so nothing to worry about.
SATA slots are located on the motherboard and it is where SSD, HDD and Optical Disk Drives are connected. Each of the two models being compared have 3 SATA slot(s). Keep in mind that having too few SATA slots might limit your options for connecting additional memory drives.
M.2 SSD interface allows you to transfer data with higher speeds compared to the old SATA interface. Unfortunately, neither the HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF, nor the HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF has one. However, you can still use a SATA SSD drive which should give you satisfactory performance.
Make sure that the available M.2 slot supports the PCIe (also called NVMe) interface. This is important as there are M.2 slots which support only the inferior SATA III interface. For comparison, the SATA III interface has max speeds of 6Gb/s, while the PCIe 3.0 x4 will support speeds up to 32Gb/s!
Having a Power Supply Unit with high power rating is important, if you are going to use components which require extra power. The HP ProDesk 600 G2 SFF comes with a decent 200 Watt PSU, but the HP ProDesk 400 G1 SFF has a more powerful one rated at 240 Watts. Choosing either one depends on your specific requirements and use case. Also don't forget that some models might have more than one PSU option - try to always get the most powerful one, especially if you plan to upgrade to a powerful GPU.